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Urban Suffering Studies Center

 

 

SouqBiblio: annotated international bibliography

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Benedetto Saraceno

 

Benedetto Saraceno



1) World Health Organization - Fundaçao Calouste Gulbenkian. Social Determinants of Mental Health. WHO, Geneva, 2014.

Mental health as well as numerous mental disorders (states of anxiety, depression, use of psychotropic substances and alcohol, developmental disorders) are significantly determined by contextual factors of a social and economic nature. The risk factors of many mental disorders are strongly related to social and economic inequalities so that the greater the inequality, the greater the risk. Throughout all the stages of life (childhood, adolescence, adulthood and old age) various risk factors related to social and economic inequalities are powerful determinants of mental illness. In addition to specific interventions that need to be put into action through all the stages of life to prevent and mitigate the impact of these risk factors, there is no doubt that massive, systemic and structural measures must be put into action by Governments so that every child at birth has the same opportunity to fully develop their mental health. These are interventions that reduce social inequalities and increase the fundamental rights of people regardless of their placement in the socio-economic hierarchy of their communities of origin. This important document clearly states that only important and decisive interventions on poverty, access to education and on combating social exclusion can significantly reduce the risk of psychiatric disorders.




2) World Health Organization-Fundaçao Calouste Gulbenkian. Integrating the response of health systems to mental disorders and other chronic diseases. WHO, Geneva, 2014.


Many mental disorders, major non-contagious diseases and some infectious diseases such as AIDS share some characteristics such as chronicity and the need to be monitored and taken in charge by health systems in a form both protracted and persistent in time, often for an entire lifetime. Chronic non-contagious diseases and some mental illnesses are significantly related to common risk factors (tabacco, alcohol, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity) which, in turn, are related to social determinants such as social inequality, poverty and social exclusion. Health systems must implement models for prevention, intervention and assistance which are integrated as much as possible so as to avoid irrational and expensive vertical and parallel strategies that are not only highly inefficient but that obtain modest clinical results and give very little satisfaction to users, their families and in general to the communities to which they belong. The document examines strategies that increase access to interventions, decrease their fragmentation, preventing duplication of facilities and resources. Models of integration at a community level, specialized interventions and primary care are discussed and analyzed.




3) Novello M.(2013). The resolvable dispute of physical restraint in the practice of mental health services. Rivista Italiana di Medicina Legale, Anno XXXV Fas. 1, 235-245.



A brief article useful for its dispassionate and rigorous analysis of the psychological and organizational mechanisms that govern the practice of physical restraint in psychiatric wards and not. Often the reasons given for determining this practice are used to legitimize and justify it as inevitable. A brief analysis of the epidemiological data available, some considerations of a more theoretical and legal nature and, finally the accurate description of the educational processes and organizational choices that have led to the elimination of this practice in the psychiatric services of the city of Udine make this short article a useful training tool and a subtle contribution that clearly takes sides in the debate on restraint in psychiatric services.



4) Manconi L., Brinis V. Let's welcome them all, a reasonable proposal to save Italy, Italians and immigrants. il Saggiatore, Milano, 2014.


The book's thesis is that immigration is not, as believed by the majority, a subtraction of resources from italian citizens: «Ours is not a provocation, says sociologist Brinis - but a political idea. In the book there are a series of analysis and data demonstrating how it is possible, from an economic and demographic point of view, to welcome them all. It is not a proposal in an idealistic key, but one in terms of utility. We need to develop, programs, courses of action and welcome policies not with centres, but by making and putting into action reforms regarding immigration. We do not say that Italy must accommodate the current sixty thousand people, but that it should become more welcoming than it is ». In Italy there are five million legally resident foreigners, while other European countries, for historical and cultural reasons, have a much higher number. The number of legal foreigners in Italy is lower not only because we have put into practice policies of closure but above all because we have a million resident foreigners who are illegal. The authors consider indispensable an approach to the issue that is not one of emergency, but of planning. Brinis states once more: «Policies of rejection and repression, in addition to hostility that risks becoming xenophobia and racism, are expensive policies that encourage an increase in crime and undeclared work. Instead, to welcome, for example, is not a matter of solidarity but of ensuring rights such as asylum. Therefore to recognize, the rights of immigrants and offer opportunities for placement is the most suitable choice for collective security, to resolve dramatic demographic problems and revive industry and agriculture. Data shows that foreign workers are not just carers, nurses and pizza makers, but that they sustain entire sectors of the economy without being in competition with Italian workers ».


* The texts of the articles, reports, and documents published by SouqBiblio when not available through consultation of the magazines referred to, are generally accessible through Google search.

 

 

By the same authors:          Dancing the samba while piloting a jet plane   SouqBiblio: annotated international bibliography*  A Return to the Way leading to Happiness   Aporeia of empowerment  Deconstructing the paradigm of "migrant emergency"  Defend the ways of liberation  Describing reality but also changing it  Educate in complexity  Empowerment  Global health, local health: a paradigm of the failures of globalization   Health systems are not designed for the needs of citizens  Reject Ferocity, Not Migrants  Souqbiblio (number 1)  SouqBiblio: international annotated bibliography number 8  SouqBiblio: international annotated bibliography*  SouqBiblio: internazional annotated bibliography (number 6)  SouqBiblio: annotated international bibliography  SouqBiblio: annotated international bibliography  SouqBiblio: annotated international bibliography  SouqBiblio: international annotated bibliography (number 5)  SouqBiblio: international annotated bibliography (number 3)  SouqBiblio: International annotated bibliography (number 7)  SouqBiblio: internazional annotated bibliography (number 4)  SouqBiblio: References (number 2)  The association Poverty - Mental Disorders and its implications for outcome and care provision   The Confusion to be managed  The paradigm of urban suffering  Time of Siege  Urban Resistance  Verbal violence and social paranoia 


 
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Center for urban suffering

The study centre wishes to study the phenomenon of urban suffering, in other words the suffering that is specific to the great metropolises. Urban Suffering is a category that describes the meeting of individual suffering with the social fabric that they inhabit. The description, the understanding and the transformation of the psychological and social dynamics that develop from the meeting of ...

Who we are

The Urban Suffering Studies Center - SOUQ - arises from Milan, a place of complexity and economic and social contradictions belonged to global world.Tightly linked to Casa della Carità Foundation, which provides assistance and care to unserved populations in Milan (such as immigrants legal and illegal, homeless, vulnerable minorities), the Urban Suffering Studies Center puts attention on ...

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Centro studi Souq Management commitee: Laura Arduini, Virginio Colmegna (presidente), Silvia Landra, Simona Sambati, Benedetto Saraceno ; Scientific commitee: Mario Agostinelli, Angelo Barbato, Maurizio Bonati, Adolfo Ceretti, Giacomo Costa, Ota de Leonardis,  Giulio Ernesti, Sergio Escobar, Luca Formenton, Francesco Maisto, Ambrogio Manenti, Claudia Mazzucato, Daniela ...
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ISSN 2282-5754 Souquaderni [online] by SOUQ - Centro Studi sulla Sofferenza Urbana - CF: 97316770151
Last update: 20/04/2019
 

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