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Urban Suffering Studies Center



SouqBiblio: international annotated bibliography*

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Benedetto Saraceno


1) The index of Urban Governanace

The United Nations agency UN Habitat within the framework of the campaign for urban governance has produced an index of Urban Governance. The index aims to measure and compare the ability of cities to contribute to the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals. In fact the correlation was demonstrated between good urban governance and many of the objectives of social development and improvement of health covered by the Millennium Goals. At a local level the index is established as a "gold standard" which allows local governances to identify specific objectives, and appropriate indicators to measure the actual achievement. The index is built around four axes: the effectiveness of interventions, their equity, the level of participation and technical and financial transparency. Urban governance interventions oriented towards reducing poverty and inequality, social inclusion initiatives, quality of life and competitiveness of the operations are measured through these different angles.

2) J. Beaumont and Maarten Loopmans. Towards Radicalized Communicative Rationality: Resident Involvement and Urban Democracy in Rotterdam and Antwerp. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Volume 32, Issue 1, pages 95-113, March 2008

The article analyses the processes of participation in the urban governance of diversity and ethnic and social tensions in a district of the dutch city of Rotterdam, and another in the belgian city of Antwerp. With an unconventional choice the authors argue that highly participative strategies do not necessarily constitute the best way to handle the large social and ethnic differences of the great metropolis. The strategy inspired by a bureaucratic rationality (Rotterdam) rather than participatory processes (Antwerp) seems to improve overall governance.

3) Gulbenkian Global Mental Health Platform & World Health Organization. Social Determinants of Mental Health, 2013 WHO Geneva.

This is a document prepared by a group of international experts led by Michael Marmot and the WHO; the document is part of the Gulbenkian Foundation's great initiative on global mental health. The document analyses the close relationships between social inequalities and mental illnesses and accurately describes the possible policies and operations to reduce the risk of mental illnesses starting with measures to reduce inequalities and promote social inclusion. Interventions that act on early childhood and adolescence are probably those with greater chances of success and with an effective and proven ability to reduce the risk of subsequent mental illness in adulthood. The document urges governments and political-economic authorities to assume their responsibilities in reducing the risk of mental illnesess: prevention is not so much a matter that belongs to the universe of medicine but rather to that of social and economic policies.

4) The Council of Europe: protecting the rights of the Roma.

"With the Declaration of October 20, 2010 (Declaration No. 133" The Strasbourg Declaration on Roma ") the representatives of the 47 Council of Europe Member States, the European Union and the Roma community gathered in Strasbourg, confirm - after having condemned all forms of discrimination - the need to ensure equality, freedom and other basic human rights to the Roma, Sinti, Kalé, and generally all nomads who are usually identified as Gypsies. Indeed, overcoming economic and social exclusion which, to date, still affects these groups, represents an essential step in achieving a democratic society genuinely prepared to accept diversities and to experience them as a resource, and not only as a problem. Also, it must not be forgotten that the plan of actions foreseen in the Declaration - involving the Council of Europe, the EU and national Governments - designed to improve the economic and social integration of the groups in question in Europe, is of great significance also because it is appropriate for reinforcing the economic development of the States where they live. The guiding principles that the member States must pursue and the measures they should take to adequately protect the rights of the Roma in Europe are listed in this plan. Among the most important are the principles of non-discrimination, citizenship, and the recognition and protection of the rights of women and nomadic children (for whom the creation of policies of intervention appears to be essential so as to ensure their proper growth and avoidance of delinquency that would only give rise to answers of a punitive and custodial kind). Instead, among the measures to be taken to make the principles mentioned earlier more effective, the European Council indicates those aimed at granting the Roma who are legally resident in the territory, access to national identification documents, the promotion and participation both in politics and in social life; but also the participation of Roma representatives in decision-making mechanisms that directly affect them. Among the measures mentioned as priorities, the assurance of a greater equality for access of Roma to employment and vocational training are also included, in accordance with international law, and a more effective equality with regard to access to justice and to legal assistance together with the possibility of legally and effectively prosecuting in cases of alleged racial violence, or other crimes committed against them. To this end, the Declaration contains a european training programme for over a thousand Roma mediators and lawyers who in 2011 provide legal and administrative advice to the communities. While, more generally, as regards to education for these groups, the Council requests that specifically studied programmes are provided for Roma children from kindergarten to ensure their attendance at school, even making use of school assistants and trained mediators and, moreover, it asks the Member States to adopt measures to promote knowledge of the history, culture and languages of the Roma. Finally, measures are also planned to protect and promote gender equality for Roma girls within their communities and more generally in society, above all protecting them against sexual violence and trafficking, bearing in mind that children and young Roma women are often victims of exploitation. Logically, each action recommended by the Declaration of the Council must necessarily go hand in hand with the battle against all forms of racial hatred, possibly by encouraging mass media to deal responsibly and above all fairly, with the issues affecting the Roma and to avoid the encouragment of negative stereotypes. Without forgetting that this appeal made by the Council is directed even at some authorities, whether statewide, regional or of a local level, who on certain occasions gave free reign to statements likely to produce the effect of legitimising, spreading or promoting racial hatred towards ethnic groups, object of the Declaration and reinforce feelings of xenophobia and intolerance.
* The texts of the articles, reports, and documents published by SouqBiblio when not available through the consultation of the magazines referred to, are generally accessible through Google search.



By the same authors:                Dancing the samba while piloting a jet plane   SouqBiblio: annotated international bibliography*  A Return to the Way leading to Happiness   Aporeia of empowerment  Deconstructing the paradigm of "migrant emergency"  Defend the ways of liberation  Describing reality but also changing it  Educate in complexity  Empowerment  Global health, local health: a paradigm of the failures of globalization   Health systems are not designed for the needs of citizens  Reject Ferocity, Not Migrants  Souqbiblio (number 1)  SouqBiblio: international annotated bibliography number 8  SouqBiblio: internazional annotated bibliography (number 6)  SouqBiblio: annotated international bibliography  SouqBiblio: annotated international bibliography  SouqBiblio: annotated international bibliography  SouqBiblio: annotated international bibliography  SouqBiblio: international annotated bibliography (number 5)  SouqBiblio: international annotated bibliography (number 3)  SouqBiblio: International annotated bibliography (number 7)  SouqBiblio: internazional annotated bibliography (number 4)  SouqBiblio: References (number 2)  The association Poverty - Mental Disorders and its implications for outcome and care provision   The Confusion to be managed  The paradigm of urban suffering  Time of Siege  Urban Resistance  Verbal violence and social paranoia 

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Center for urban suffering

The study centre wishes to study the phenomenon of urban suffering, in other words the suffering that is specific to the great metropolises. Urban Suffering is a category that describes the meeting of individual suffering with the social fabric that they inhabit. The description, the understanding and the transformation of the psychological and social dynamics that develop from the meeting of ...

Who we are

The Urban Suffering Studies Center - SOUQ - arises from Milan, a place of complexity and economic and social contradictions belonged to global world.Tightly linked to Casa della Carità Foundation, which provides assistance and care to unserved populations in Milan (such as immigrants legal and illegal, homeless, vulnerable minorities), the Urban Suffering Studies Center puts attention on ...


Centro studi Souq Management commitee: Laura Arduini, Virginio Colmegna (presidente), Silvia Landra, Simona Sambati, Benedetto Saraceno ; Scientific commitee: Mario Agostinelli, Angelo Barbato, Maurizio Bonati, Adolfo Ceretti, Giacomo Costa, Ota de Leonardis,  Giulio Ernesti, Sergio Escobar, Luca Formenton, Francesco Maisto, Ambrogio Manenti, Claudia Mazzucato, Daniela ...
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ISSN 2282-5754 Souquaderni [online] by SOUQ - Centro Studi sulla Sofferenza Urbana - CF: 97316770151
Last update: 26/11/2020

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